On Thursday, September 19, 1991, at about 1.30 p.m. on a sunny afternoon Erika and Helmut Simon, from Nuremberg in Germany, were enjoying a vacation walking through icy and rock-strewn terrain high up on a mountain overlooking the Ötz valley in the Alpine borderlands between Austria and Italy.
On their descent from a peak near Tisenjoch they strayed a little from the recommended route in the hope of finding a short cut and, as they traversed an elevated plateau near a retreating mountain glacier at some 3210 meters above sea level, they passed a gully filled with thawing ice and melt-water within which they noticed something unusual. Further investigation showed this object to be an actual human corpse.
[SCROLL DOWN FOR VIDEO]
These remains, originally thought to be those of a mountaineer or hill-walker who had died on the mountain in comparatively recent times, ultimately became famous as belonging to Otzi or Oetzi – “The Iceman” – who died some 5,300 years ago!!!
Cause of death
in 2001, after several scanning it was revealed that Ötzi had an arrowhead lodged in his left shoulder when he died.The discovery of the arrowhead prompted researchers to theorize Ötzi died of blood loss from the wound, which would probably have been fatal even if modern medical techniques had been available.
There are also other theories about his death. An Arrow was found next to his body and scientists said that he might get in to a fight with 2 other persons, probably he killed them but he was wounded and later he fall down and died from his wounds.
How old was the Iceman when he died?
Although he looks tired, Otzi has vivid brown eyes. Indeed, recent research on the 5,300-year-old mummy has shown that the Stone Age man did not have blue eyes as previously thought. Believed to have died around the age of 45, Otzi was about 1.60 meters (5 foot, 3 inches) tall and weighed 50 kilograms (110 pounds).
Something really interesting about him is that he has living relatives and if we follow his bloodline we can actually connect him with someone in present time.
The oldest tattoos in the world
Ötzi, the 5,300-year-old mummy has tattoos grouped across 19 body parts, and researchers in Italy revealed a ‘new’ tattoo on the iceman earlier this year, bringing the total count up to 61 tattoos.
It has long been disputed that the title could belong instead to an unidentified South American Chinchorro mummy, but scientists have now confirmed that Ötzi’s are the oldest.
Influenced by the “Curse of the pharaohs” and the media theme of cursed mummies, claims have been made that Ötzi is cursed. The allegation revolves around the deaths of several people connected to the discovery, recovery and subsequent examination of Ötzi. It is alleged that they have died under mysterious circumstances.
In reality hundreds of people were involved in the recovery of Ötzi and are still involved in studying the body and the artifacts found with it. The fact that a small percentage of them have died over the years has not been shown to be statistically significant.